1794

A Last Look

1794 Visit to Cumberland to suppress Whiskey Rebellion
Washington was now President of the United States. In an effort to generate revenue to pay off war debt, the newly formed federal government created a tax on whiskey. This was the first such tax on a domestic product. People living in the western frontier resisted the tax and refused to pay it.
Many of the protesters were war veterans who felt that taxes such as the whiskey tax were what they had fought against in the American Revolution. Resistance grew to the point that 500 armed men attacked the home of a tax collector.

In response, Washington led an army of 13,000 militiamen to western Pennsylvania and Maryland. He reviewed the southern wing of the army at Fort Cumberland in October.
Excerpt from The Diaries of George Washington October 16, 1794
16th. After an early breakfast we set out for Cumberland—and about 11 Oclock arrived there. Three miles from the Town I was met by a party of Horse under the command of Major Lewis (my Nephew) and by Brigr. Genl. Smith of the Maryland line, who Escorted me to the Camp;
where, finding all the Troops under Arms, I passed along the line of the Army; & was conducted to a house the residence of Major Lynn of the Maryland line (an old Continental Officer) where I was well lodged, & civily entertained.
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Page from Washington’s diaries

dated October 16, 1794

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